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This publication examines the law of recall only as it applies to state and local officials. It is divided into separate parts to help avoid confusion. Be sure to check the Table of Contents and review all parts which are specific to the type of recall in which you are interested.

Please note that the procedures described herein do not apply to federal officers. The removal of U.S. Representatives or U.S. Senators is governed by the United States Constitution, Article 1, Sec. 5 (2), which states “Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member.” The President, Vice President and all civil officers of the United States are removed through the process of “impeachment” which is governed by the United States Constitution.

Unless otherwise indicated, all references in parentheses are to the California Elections Code.